Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) Orders: What Are They and What's New?


People often worry about being revived when they are terminally ill and dying. Being revived can be painful and unwanted. If you are or become terminally ill, you should know about "Do-Not-Resuscitate" or "DNR" Orders. A DNR Order is an order from your doctor saying you are terminally ill and do not want to be revived if your heart or breathing stops. It does not mean you would not receive proper medical care. You would still be kept as comfortable and free from pain as possible.

One way to get a DNR Order is to ask your doctor yourself. If you can't ask because of your illness or condition, other people may be able to ask the doctor for you. For example, the person you appointed in a Healthcare Power of Attorney can ask for a DNR Order. If you have not appointed anyone to make healthcare decisions for you, close family members may be able to ask.

A DNR Order is sometimes confused with a Living Will. Many of the words used to describe them are the same. Their purposes, however, are different. A Living Will is prepared by you. It tells your health care providers you don't want to be kept alive artificially if you become terminally ill. A DNR Order is prepared by your doctor. It tells health care providers not to try to revive you if you are terminally ill and your heart or breathing stops.

A DNR Order is available whether you are in a hospital or in your own home. If you are terminally ill and not in a hospital, you can ask your doctor to prepare an "Out-of-Hospital" DNR Order. Your doctor will prepare the Order and give you a copy. If paramedics or other emergency personnel know about this Order, they will not revive you. The best way to be sure emergency personnel will know is to register with MedicAlert which will give you an identifier that you can wear. That way, the DNR information will be with you all the time. Paramedics and emergency personnel must act quickly in a life-or-death situation. If you do not have an identifier, they may not know soon enough that you do not want to be revived. You should also place the Order in your home or wherever you are staying so it can be plainly seen at all times. You can register for MedicAlert by calling 1-800-432-5378 or by going online at

If you change your mind, you can cancel an Out-of-Hospital DNR Order. One way to cancel is to tell your health care provider. This includes your doctor, para-medics or anyone else who can provide health care services. You can also authorize someone else to cancel the Order. If you are wearing an identifier, take it off.

The Iowa Department of Public Health has guidelines for Out-of-Hospital DNR Orders. Remember these orders only help people after they become terminally ill. The best way for Iowans to have their wishes followed is to prepare a Living Will and talk to their families and doctors before they become ill.

Iowa Legal Aid provides help to low-income Iowans. 

To apply for help from Iowa Legal Aid:

  • Call 800-532-1275. 
  • Iowans age 60 and over, call 800-992-8161.
  • Apply online at

If Iowa Legal Aid cannot help, look for an attorney on “Find A Lawyer”   A private attorney there can talk with you for a fee of $25 for 30 minutes of legal advice.

*As you read this information, remember this article is not a substitute for legal advice.

Last Review and Update: Jan 06, 2022
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